Nuremberg is the second largest city of Bavaria, it is completely rebuilt literally from the ashes, this city is like a phoenix, it still looks just like it looked a long time ago...
Or maybe it looks a little different nowadays? The Second World War changed us forever and we will never be the same because of grief that we witnessed, because of the numerous casualties. But now in the streets of Nuremberg you can hear ringing laughter of children, you can see the horses clip-clopping through the cobbly streets of the Old Town, in the windows of clean and well maintained burgher houses with tiled roofs you can see smiling German housewifes, at every turn you can see majestic gothic Protestant churches.
Nuremberg is one of the most cozy and charming cities in Germany. And the Christmas markets are beautiful here! Delicious spicy mulled wine, hundreds of tents with precious Christmas decorations, various souvenirs, meats and famous Lebkuchen, which is special gingerbread from Nuremberg. And numerous lights! Huge glistening fir is located in the center of it all. You won’t see such markets anywhere else in Europe.
If you came to Nuremberg, then you just have to visit the historical mile!
Historical mile is a unique urban route, which is designed specifically to popularize history. Tour around the Historic Mile includes 35 "stop-overs", 35 main sights of the city, which are unique in architectural terms. The most curious and courageous seekers of beautiful sights will be able to see the oldest religious buildings of Nuremberg, the church of St. Martha (St. Marthakirche) and the church of St. Klara (St. Klarakirche), the building of the Old Customs, the largest Protestant church in Bavaria - St. Lorenz church, House of Nassau, which is the only residential tower house and much more... We will tell you more about some of them.
One of the most visited sights in the city is known as the Market Square. Once upon a time there was the Jewish ghetto, but now here is the famous church of the Virgin Mary. It was built on the foundations of the synagogue of the XIV century. At noon, human figures on the facade of the church come to life to a chime of bells, they act out an episode of taking oath of allegiance to the Kaiser Karl IV. One of the biggest Christmas markets works every winter here near the bottom of the majestic gothic church of the Virgin Mary, which in German is called the Frauenkirche.
The Old Town Hall building is of great interest in this city as well, it is located to the right side of the Church of St. Sebald in the historic center of Nuremberg directly on the historical mile of the city. Old Town Hall consists of two parts: Gothic part and Renaissance part, which were originally built in the XIV and XVII centuries. It is simply impossible not to notice the Old Town Hall: it has an ornate facade, luxurious massive gates and the "Cupid" fountain. Once there was a real prison in the basement, now there is a museum of torture. Exhibition devoted to the history of the Christmas markets is being held in this building the year round.
And do not forget that Nuremberg is surrounded by a real defensive wall with a real moat, which was once designed to protect the city from enemies. It is a pity that our forefathers did not foresee the existence of air strikes...
The history of the fortifications of Nuremberg includes thousands of years. Only the third zone of the defense wall surrounding the Old Town is still standing. The height of walls was up to 8 meters, their thickness is reached up to 1 meter. The outer part is made of crushed stone, interior is made of bricks. In the upper part you can see the loopholes and the covered wooden gallery for the rapid movement of guards and soldiers. There are also many towers along the wall. Ancient defense wall adds medieval charm to Nuremberg, its look alone brings us back to the times of noble knights and beautiful ladies.
- Wear comfortable shoes for the trip. Walk through Nuremberg can take several hours. If you go on a trip in the winter, then be sure to wear a scarf, head-dress and gloves.
- Nuremberg is worthy not only to be photographed, but also to be filmed. The images that you bring with you will conquer even those people, who are hard to impress.
- Be sure to visit a traditional bar and to enjoy Bavarian sausages. You can buy Lebkuchen (famous local gingerbread) as edible souvenirs.
- The guide will tell you the history of Bavaria and of Nuremberg right in the bus, which will start its way in Prague. The guide will not only tell, but show! The buses are equipped with TVs. You can ask the guide absolutely any questions.
- There is the world's largest market of games and toys called Spielewarenmesse in Nuremberg.
- The well-known Nuremberg artists, poets, musicians and notionalists include Abreht Durer, Faith Stos, Adam Kraft, Peter Fischer.
- Although more than 90% of the old part of the city was destroyed during the Second World War, the most important historic buildings were renovated.
- Do not forget to bring euro cash with you as Germany is in the eurozone. You can exchange currencies at favorable rates in the Prague. At the reception desk of your hotel you can ask where the good exchange offices are.